Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 2 – Summary of significant accounting policies
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, the financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2020 and 2019 are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management such interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the periods presented. The accompanying financial information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on May 4, 2020. The results of operations for the period presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that might be expected for future interim periods or for the full year.
The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of ETI and IPR as of March 14, 2012; Aviva as of April 2, 2013; and WeHealAnimals as of November 16, 2013. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
These accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business for the twelve-month period following the date these condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had cash of approximately $5,300 and a working capital deficiency of $14.9 million. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company used approximately $0.5 million of cash in its operation. The Company has incurred recurring losses resulting in an accumulated deficit of approximately $50.2 million as of June 30, 2020. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to its ability to continue as going concern within one year from issuance date of these financial statements.
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company has raised approximately $0.5 million in debt and equity financing. The Company is raising additional capital through debt and equity securities to continue the funding of its operations. However, there is no assurance that the Company can raise enough funds or generate sufficient revenues to pay its obligations as they become due, which raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.
No adjustments have been made to the carrying value of assets or liabilities as a result of this uncertainty. To reduce the risk of not being able to continue as a going concern, management is commercializing its FDA cleared and CE marked products and has commenced implementing its business plan to materialize revenues from potential, future, license agreements, has raised capital through the sale of its preferred and common stock, has entered into an investment agreement whereby the company has access to an equity line of credit and is seeking out profitable companies.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus COVID-19 a global pandemic. This contagious disease outbreak, which has continued to spread, and any related adverse public health developments, has adversely affected workforces, economies, and financial markets globally, potentially leading to an economic downturn. It is not possible for the Company to predict the duration or magnitude of the adverse results of the outbreak and its effects on the Company’s business or ability to raise funds.
In October 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors and stockholders approved an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation to effect a 1,000-for-1 reverse split of the Company’s common stock, which was effected on December 20, 2019. The par value of the common stock was not adjusted as a result of the reverse stock split. Accordingly, all common stock, stock options, warrants and related per share amounts as of and for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 have been retroactively adjusted to give effect to the reverse split.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Critical estimates include the value of shares issued for services, in connection with notes payable agreements, in connection with note extension agreements, and as repayment for outstanding debt, the useful lives of property and equipment, the valuation of the derivative liability, the valuation of warrants and stock options, and the valuation of deferred income tax assets. Management uses its historical records and knowledge of its business in making these estimates. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Company utilizes Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 260, “Earnings per Share.” Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed based on the earnings (loss) attributable to common shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the period excluding any dilutive effects of options, warrants, unvested share awards and convertible securities. Diluted earnings (loss) per common share is calculated similar to basic earnings (loss) per share except that the denominator is increased to include additional common share equivalents available upon exercise of stock option, warrants, common shares issuable under convertible debt and restricted stock using the treasury stock method. Dilutive common share equivalents include the dilutive effect of in-the-money share equivalents, which are calculated based on the average share price for each period using the treasury stock method, excluding any common share equivalents if their effect would be anti-dilutive. In periods in which a net loss has been incurred, all potentially dilutive common shares are considered anti-dilutive and thus are excluded from the calculation.
The components of basic and diluted earnings per share for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:
The Company uses the specific identification method for recording the provision for doubtful accounts, which was $0 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Accounts receivable are written off when all collection attempts have failed.
Research and Development
Costs relating to the development of new products are expensed as research and development as incurred in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 730-10, Research and Development. Research and development costs amounted to $3,283 and $53,314 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and are included in operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes existing guidance on accounting for leases in “Leases (Topic 840)” and generally requires all leases to be recognized in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018; early adoption is permitted. The provisions of ASU 2016-02 are to be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company has adopted ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions resulting from expanding the scope of Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. This ASU is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. For all other entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of Topic 606. The Company has early adopted ASU 2018-07 and the adoption did not have a significant impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework- Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in this Update modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, based on the concepts in the Concepts Statement, including the consideration of costs and benefits. Effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. Early adoption is permitted upon issuance of this Update. Any entity is permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance of this Update and delay adoption of the additional disclosures until their effective date. The Company adopted ASU 2018-13 as of January 1, 2020, and ASU 2018-13 has not had a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial position or results of operations and liquidity.
The Company has evaluated all the recent accounting pronouncements and determined that there are no other accounting pronouncements that will have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef