Fair Value Measurements
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2018
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurements||
Note 8 – Fair Value Measurements
The Company has issued Variable Debentures which contained variable conversion rates based on unknown future prices of the Company’s common stock. This results in a conversion feature. The Company measures the conversion feature using the Black Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions:
The assumptions used in determining fair value represent management’s best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management’s judgment. As a result, if factors change, including changes in the market value of the Company’s common stock, managements’ assessment or significant fluctuations in the volatility of the trading market for the Company’s common stock, the Company’s fair value estimates could be materially different in the future.
The Company computes the fair value of the derivative liability at each reporting period and the change in the fair value is recorded as non-cash expense or non-cash income. The key component in the value of the derivative liability is the Company’s stock price, which is subject to significant fluctuation and is not under its control. The resulting effect on net loss is therefore subject to significant fluctuation and will continue to be so until the Company’s Variable Debentures, which the convertible feature is associated with, are converted into common stock or paid in full with cash. Assuming all other fair value inputs remain constant, the Company will record non-cash expense when its stock price increases and non-cash income when its stock price decreases.
The following table presents changes in the liabilities with significant unobservable inputs (level 3) for the six months ended June 30, 2018:
Accounting guidance on fair value measurements and disclosures defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring the fair value of assets and liabilities using a hierarchy system, and defines required disclosures. It clarifies that fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the market in which the reporting entity transacts business.
The Company’s balance sheet contains derivative liabilities that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. The three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value is as follows:
Level 1: uses quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: uses observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.
Level 3: uses unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.
The fair value of the Company’s recorded derivative liability is determined based on unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data, which require a Level 3 classification. A Black Scholes option pricing model was used to determine the fair value. The Company records derivative liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operation.
The following table presents balances in the liabilities with significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) at June 30, 2018:
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef